Tag Archives: chemical reactions

L.A. is Now Using Shade Balls

shade balls

L.A. has come up with a new design to save water moving forward during California’s drought. The main reservoir in Los Angeles has been turned into a giant ball pit. How will this help exactly? Well, the “shade balls” that cover the reservoir are made from black polyethylene and coated with an ultraviolet light-resistant material. They are also filled with water so that they don’t get swept away by wind. The 4-inch balls are supposed to last for 25 years without degradation.

Los Angeles Mayor Eric Garcetti helped to disperse some of the 96 million balls across the 175-acre reservoir as a sign that L.A. is working to save water during the drought. The reservoir, which is located in Sylmar, holds about 3.3 billion gallons, which would supply the city with drinking water for up to three weeks if need be.

mayor shade ball

“The balls cost 36 cents each, for a total of $34.5 million. The utility has been testing the concept since 2008, reporting that shade balls reduce evaporation by 85 to 90 percent. That should equate to saving nearly 300 million gallons a year, enough to provide drinking water for 8,100 people. The balls also inhibit microorganism growth, reducing the treatment the water must undergo through other means, which could save the city $250 million over time. The city says the balls will shade and cool the water, reducing evaporation from the reservoir and making it less susceptible to algae, bacterial growth, and chemical reactions that can produce harmful substances.” (National Geographic)

These shade balls will end up helping Los Angeles to cut its water use by 15 percent over a two-year period.

Source:
Why Did L.A. Drop 96 Million ‘Shade Balls’ Into Its Water?. National Geographic. August 12, 2015. http://news.nationalgeographic.com/2015/08/150812-shade-balls-los-angeles-California-drought-water-environment/

Images:

1) news.discovery.com

2) mashable.com

Why do our brains need water?

Have you ever had a long night out with lots of drinking and experienced a pounding headache the next day? Well, that’s practically how your brain feels every time you’re dehydrated. The brain needs water for every function it performs because about 60% of its makeup is water. In the brain, water is stored in cells called vacuoles. It uses those cells to distribute water to its complex systems of cells and neurons. When you think, you’re sending electrical impulses across the brain, making connections, forming tendrils of thought and memory (called dendrites), and creating chemical reactions to allow this process to occur. It is a complex biological process that can’t be compared.

Water in the brain acts as a cooling device and also a filter for chemicals and other byproducts.  In the rest of the body, blood performs this task, but in the brain, water does this so that the brain does not overheat or get blocked channels that could cause problems. So, having enough water in your body is extremely important for cognitive function. Here are 6 signs and symptoms that you may be dehydrated:

1) You feel hungry/thirsty

2) You’re tired

3) Your urine is darker in color

4) You feel like you can’t perform cognitive functions as well (math, language, creativity, problem solving)

5) You feel that you can’t concentrate

6) Your short-term and long-term memory is reduced

If you’re experiencing any of these symptoms, DRINK WATER! If you become so dehydrated that you feel dizzy or lightheaded, it is best to see a doctor. You may not be drinking enough water every day, making all of these symptoms more likely and making you less able to perform daily tasks. It’s not easy to say exactly how much water a person should drink every day. This number varies for each person depending on their height, weight, daily activity, and metabolism. If you don’t know how many glasses you should drink, follow the “8 glasses a day” rule and ask your doctor the amount that is best for you.

If you’d like to know more about why water is good for your body and how filtered water and alkalized water can help you be healthier and feel better, check out the rest of our blog and visit our website at http://www.filtercon.com.

Sources:

Hydration and Your Brain- Why Water is More Important Than You Think. The High Tech Society. June 5, 2015.

Pictures-

18thcenturyminds.wikispaces.com

www.healthgiants.com

www.iconarchive.com