“The Carlsbad Desalination Project will provide San Diego county with a locally-controlled, drought-proof supply of high-quality water that meets or exceeds all state and federal drinking water standards.”
The quote above comes directly from carlsbaddesal.com,the website for Carlsbad’s new desalinating water plant. The process of desalination includes removing salt and unhealthy minerals from saline water. When discussing the current drought in California, there is often talk of desalination and its potential to increase our freshwater supply. Removing salt and minerals from saline water seems like an obvious solution to the drought and ongoing water scarcity concerns because it is a reliable water source.
Fourteen new desalination plants have been in the works to produce more drinkable water along the California coast. For many, this may seem like an answer to the “exceptional drought”. As consumers, it may also seem like a way to help us avoid making lifestyle changes, such as Governor Jerry Brown’s call for Californians to reduce their water use by 20 percent. But while desalination may be a reliable option, the answer is much more complicated.
One of the greatest issues with desalination is the cost associated with these projects. A new plant may cost upwards of hundreds of millions of dollars to build (a billion in the case of the Carlsbad facility), plus considerable cost to run the plant.
Beyond the costs to build these facilities, operational costs are substantial and raise concerns over the energy requirements and their impacts. Energy costs make up around a third of total operating costs for a typical desalination plant. In California, there is concern about vulnerability to short-term and long-term energy price increases. During a drought, energy prices tend to increase due to the reduced ability to generate hydropower and the need to replace that hydropower with more expensive energy sources. These costs are often overlooked and not always factored into the total project cost. Long term, energy prices are not static and may increase due to the rising costs of developing renewable alternatives and building and maintaining new and existing infrastructure.
With these high capital and operational costs also comes a higher cost of its product, water. Desalinated water can cost upwards of $1,900 per acre foot, considerably more than other alternatives such as water conservation and efficiency, stormwater capture, and recycled water.
Aside from the costs, there are other potential externalities associated with desalination facilities, including environmental impacts. Seawater intake systems that draw ocean water in through screened pipes impinge marine organisms on the intakes. Smaller organisms able to pass through, such as eggs, larvae, and plankton, are entrained into the plant and killed during the desalination process. Produced water disposal can also have a substantial threat to marine life. The salt is concentrated into a brine that is usually pumped back out to sea for disposal after going through the desalination process. These point sources increase salinity levels and may affect local sea life, depending on the plant’s location and sea currents.
The idea of building seawater desalination plants during a drought is not a new one. In 1991, a desalination plant in Santa Barbara was constructed in response to the 1987-1992 drought. Once the plant was completed, abundant rainfall rendered the plant cost-inefficient, and it shut down in 1992. Currently, costs to restart the plant are being assessed as the technology and infrastructure are dated and would incur new capital investment. Likewise, six seawater desalination plants were built in Australia in response to the Millennium Drought. Today, four out of the six plants are left idle due to the availability of cheaper alternatives. These examples should serve as cautionary tales.
The good news is that we still have cost-effective options readily available. A study by the Pacific Institute and NRDC shows how California’s drought can be managed with better allocation and management of water resources. By implementing water-saving practices, water reuse, and stormwater capture, California can save 5.2 to 7.1 million acre-feet of water each year in our urban areas – equivalent to the output of 125 large desalination plants!
Sustainable water management is best served by creating a comprehensive water management strategy in California, one that captures the most cost-effective options first. California has the ability to bridge the gap between water demand and supply by taking advantage of the existing resources and practices that have yet to be fully and efficiently harnessed.
Posted in Articles
Tagged alternative, brine, build, california, capital, Carlsbad, coast, complicated, concern, conservation, cost, county, currents, desalination, dollars, Drink, drinkable, drought, efficiency, energy, environment, facility, freshwater, hydropower, impact, increase, infrastructure, Jerry Brown, locally, minerals, ocean, ocean water, operational, plant, plants, produce, project, recycle, recycled water, reliable, renewable, research, resource, reuse, run, saline, salt, San Diego, scarce, scarcity, sea, sea animals, sea life, seawater, stormwater, supply, water, water quality, water source, water standards
What’s the best way to make your houseplants grow strong and vibrant? Watering them. But often times, it’s easy to overlook what kind of water you’re feeding your plants. Tap water may cost less, but filtered water has many more advantages. Some tap water has harmful chemicals that can hurt you and your plants. Let’s take a look at the different types of water and their effects on houseplants…
Chlorine is often found in tap water and is used to kill diseases. Chlorine is a gas that evaporates out of water. That’s why you can smell chlorine. This has a terrible effect on houseplants and their growth. However, letting chlorine water sit and “breathe” for 24 hours before pouring it into your houseplants helps. Your water container also needs to be clean sot that the water going into your plants is pure.
There are some people whose tap water is what is called “hard water.” This simply means that the water has excessive amounts of minerals like magnesium or calcium. If this is your water, make sure not to use it on your houseplants.
Salt prevents the plants’ roots from absorbing water. This mineral forms around the plants’ cells, pulling water out of the plant as it starts settling in the soil. Although salt is found in tap water, the content is too low to be problematic.
Unlike salt water, sugar causes bacteria to grow in the right environment. If you use this type of water, your houseplants will become unhealthy and die over time. It can also be a great place for fungus to grow, causing the same harmful effect on your plants.
Well water nourishes houseplants. Since it comes from deep below ground, and it carries nutrients from the soil that plants need. It acts almost like a fertilizer, leading to greener and healthier plants. However, most people in urban areas are not privileged to this type of water.
This can get a little pricey. Not only that, but you never know where the water comes from or what types of contaminants are in its container.
The best and most economical source for water is buying a whole house water filtration system. It provides chlorine free water that tastes great. Additionally, it removes heavy metals and pollutants that will give life back to your houseplants. You and your plants will benefit immensely from it.
Other notes: many times houseplants are killed due to over-watering. Before watering your plants, stick your finger in the soil about an inch down. If the soil is dry, water away. If the soil is still moist, there’s no need to water. Equally important factors to growing plants are sunlight and proper exposure.
For more information on whole house water filtration, visit http://www.filtercon.com or call us at 800-550-1995.
Posted in Articles
Tagged bottled water, calcium, california, Chlorine, Clean, Clean Water, container, detox, diet, diseases, drought, environment, evaporate, filter, garden, Gas, Green, grow, growth, hard water, house, houseplants, kill, L.A., magnesium, minerals, nourish, nourishment, plants, pure water, salt, salt water, San Diego, San Francisco, smell, tap-water, water, well water
Summer is here, the hottest three months of the year when we need to remember to drink lots of water. It’s important to stay hydrated when it’s hot out because your body sweats naturally. Although drinking your water is important, you can also eat it! Many fruits and vegetables are made up almost entirely of water! Here are some of the most original freggies (fruits and veggies) that are made up of more than 90% water:
Radishes. 95% water.
Starfruit. 91% water.
Broccoli. 90.7% water.
Carrots. 90.4% water
Other fruits and vegetables that contain more than 90% water include: cucumbers, strawberries, celery, cantaloupe, grapefruit, watermelon, green peppers, tomatoes, spinach, and lemon. To put more water into your daily diet, eat more of these fruits and vegetables in your diet!
If you’re worried about the water you drink in your house, visit our website (wwww.filtercon.com) to find out how and why you need to be filtering your tap water before you drink it (Hint: there are lots of chemicals in it!).
15 Foods That Help You Stay Hydrated. Health Magazine. http://www.health.com/health/gallery/0,,20709014,00.html
Posted in Articles
Tagged broccoli, california, cantaloupe, carrot, carrots, cauliflower, celery, cucumbers, diet, Drink, drinking water, drought, eat, eating, environment, fig, food, fruit, fruits, grapefruit, green peppers, Health, healthy, hot, hydrate, hydration, lemon, minerals, natural, radish, radishes, recipe, recipes, San Diego, Spinach, starfruit, strawberries, summer, sustainable, sweat, tomatoes, vegetables, veggies, water, watermelon
One of the body’s main ways of discarding minerals that it doesn’t need is through urination. It’s a common process, most people do it at least once a day. But it’s also so common that we don’t think about it until we’re having issues actually doing so.
You can tell a lot by your urine- the color, the smell, the thickness- all of these factors change by what your body is going through. Urine can also be more acidic than basic. When this happens, your body is telling you that it is dehydrated.
One main bladder issue that people face due to acidic urine is a syndrome called interstitial cystitis. This condition causes irritation and inflammation in the bladder, which can be quite uncomfortable. However, there are ways to alleviate this syndrome and its effects on the body. If you eat a diet with plentiful green vegetables, stay away from spicy foods, don’t drink alcohol or smoke, and stay away from artificial sweeteners, it will help raise the pH in your body.
Another great way to help with this syndrome is to drink more water so that the acids in your body become diluted. However, drinking regular tap water or bottled water is not likely to help because of the contamination that occurs during water treatment processes. Chlorine, fluoride, arsenals, prescriptions, and other bad chemicals seep into city and bottled water, raising the pH to a very acidic level.
Acidic water can actually cause some very dangerous health issues. The acids can take away healthy minerals from your organs and bones over time, leaving your body without the ones it needs to thrive.
This is where alkaline water comes in. Alkaline is a pH-raising benefit to water that adds healthy minerals. The effects of drinking alkaline water are that acids in your bloodstream are reduced, your metabolism increases, and your body can absorb nutrients a lot easier. Alkaline can not only help alleviate bladder issues, it can help with overall health. Most doctors recommend alkaline water to patients with bladder issues and other health issues like asthma. Dr. Jamie Koufman and Dr. Nikki Johnston found that alkaline water can reduce the symptoms of acid reflux. Some studies even suggest that alkaline water can help cancer.
How do you get alkaline water? From an alkalizer machine. An alkalizer is attached to a water source like an under-the-sink filtration system or whole-house filtration system and reduces acidity of the water that flows through it. Some alkalizers cost thousands of dollars, but there are more affordable systems in the market today.
To find out more about alkalizers, visit our Website , or to order your own alkalizer today, call us at: 1-800-550-1995
Posted in Articles
Tagged acidic, Alkaline, Alkaline Water, arsenal, artificial sweetener, bacteria, basic, bladder, blood pressure, body, bottled water, chemical, Chlorine, city water, Clean, Clean Water, community, contaminated water, contamination, dehydrate, doctor, Drink, drinking water, environment, filter, Filtercon, Fluoride, healthy, inflammation, interstitial cystitis, irritation, minerals, pH, prescription, spicy, syndrome, urine, water filtration
Research from the University of Georgia has shown that diseased cells are surrounded by unstructured water and healthy cells are surrounded by structured water. Alkaline water only has 5-6 clusters and is the best structured, hydrating, most readily absorbed water on earth. “Structured water” is highly soluble and can easily absorb the body’s minerals. For this reason, minerals, trace minerals, and vitamins combine with structured water to enable the journey of these minerals from the digestive tract to the bloodstream and into the tissues. Alkaline water helps neutralize the acidity of the body caused by stress, the modern diet, and pollutants. If you want pure quality alkaline water, buying a system is the best option. Filtercon Technologies has created an alkaline system that lasts 2-3 years with no maintenance. The system raises your pH to a level anywhere between 8.5 and 10.5, which is recommended by doctors and physicians for a healthy body. You’ll feel safe that you’re not drinking BPA chemicals leaching from plastic bottles and helping the environment. Below is a video explaining more about our alkaline system. You can visit our website, http://www.filtercon.com or call 1-800-550-1995 to learn more from one of our technicians.
Posted in Articles
Tagged Alkaline, Alkaline Water, benefits, body, diet, doctors, healthy, hydrate, lifestyle, minerals, pH, physicians, pollutants, research, reverse osmosis, vitamins, water